Category Archives: Stanchart

Growth Crossings: Africa Rising?

Excerpts from the Economist Events #GrowthCrossings dinner in Nairobi this week.

growthcrossings-nairobi

  • China grew by exporting to the world, Africa is rising by buying products – Abiola Olaniran
  • There are 1 trillion cash transactions in Africa that can be financially included through partnerships & technology – Sanjay Rughani
  • In two years, the unbanked African population has dropped from 54% to 46% – Sanjay Rughani
  • An ADB study found 3 drivers of Africa growth to be demographics (young urban population), climate change, and digital leapfrogging – Donald Kaberuka
  • A mobile network is many things in Africa, and Safaricom will be an ecosystem for others to succeed e.g in health, education, energy – Stephen Chege.
  • E-commerce is driven by high volumes, consistent delivery, and consumer protection – this takes a lot to succeed in Africa –  Sanjay Rughani.

Kenya Bank Rankings 2015: Part I

Ranked by assets (and placing in 2014)

1 (1) KCB [Assets of Kshs 467 billion ($4.59 billion), and profits of Kshs 23.44 billion ($230 million)]

2 (3) Equity Bank

3 (2) Cooperative

4 (4) Barclays

5 (5) Standard Chartered

6 (7) CFC Stanbic Bank

7 (6) Commercial Bank of Africa

8 (8) Diamond Trust

9 (10) NIC

10 (9) Investment & Mortgages

==

Two banks in the news over their FY 2015 results

11 (12) Chase: Assets of Kshs 143 billion ($1.4 billion), and a pre-tax loss of Kshs 1.1 billion ($10.8 million)

12 (11) National: Assets of Kshs 125 billion $1.22 billion) and a pre-tax loss of Kshs 1.68 billion ($16.5 million)

$1 = Kshs 102

 

2011 Kenya Bank Rankings Final Word

Local banks rules, but KCB holds off Equity

The top local Kenyan banks as at December 2011, ranked by assets are:

6 (6 last year) CFC Stanbic Bank: Steady assets of Kshs 140 billion ($1.7 billion) and profit of Kshs 3.1 billion ($38 million)

5 (4) Standard Chartered: Assets up 15% to Kshs 164 billion , and profits went up 8% to Kshs 8.25 billion. Deposits grew 22%, and loans went up 48% as they halved their government securities to Kshs24 billion. (Barclays & KCB also reduced their government securities positions compared to December 2010)

4 (2) Barclays: Drop from 4 to 2, but still have the best return on assets at 7.18% on a slightly smaller asset base of Kshs 167 billion. Profits went up 11% to Kshs 12.01 billion, and loans went up 14%, but there was no change in deposits.

3 (3) Cooperative: Was leap-frogged by Equity Bank, but gained a place thanks to shrinking Barclays. Steady but slow growth as assets grew by 9% to Kshs 167 billion, deposits grew by 15% and profits by 11% to Kshs. 6.16 billion as the bank still seeks to move beyond the cooperative sector.

2 (5) Equity Bank: Leap from No. 5 to 2 after reporting assets of Kshs. 177 billion and profits of Kshs. 12.1 billion, signifying growth of about 32%. for each. The years of annual 100% growth are over but as John Staley the Director of Mobile Banking and Payment Innovations, told attendees at HP leadership event dubbed Staying Ahead of the Pack, the bank has grown ten-fold every five years leveraging on technology and always with the mission to provide affordable financial services which they now plan to take beyond Uganda and Sudan.

No.1 (last year No. 1) KCB assets of 282 billion ($3.45 billion) and profit of Kshs. 14 billion ($172 million) KCB remains at number and matched Equity, growing deposits by 29%, loans 31%, and profits by 22%.

Kenya Bank Rankings 1968 Edition

From reading a 1968 book Who Controls Industry in Kenyaa report of a working party comes some history of the Kenyan banking sector. It mentions that in 1968;

– Kenya had 10 banks and all but 3 banks were foreign bank off shoots.
– They had given loans of loans of £70m, deposits of £83m – a book ratio of 83% – compared to US or US which had rations of between 33% to 50%
– Depositors received 3-4% interest on deposits, and paid interest of 7-8% on loans [today deposit rates are about the same but loan borrowers pay 12 – 25%]

There were two tiers of banks then;

The Big 3 Banks which 3 held 80% of deposits and 85% of bank assets amounting to K£111 million in 1966 were
Barclays Bank – had assets of UK£1.4 billion and had 83 branches, and Kenyan directors included Michael Blundell, S. Waruhiu and J. Opembe. Today it has 111 branches
Nation & Grindlays (now KCB) had assets of UK £401 million and after tax profit of £1.2 million. It had 50 branches, and 16 directors who were all British. Today KCB has 165 outlets in Kenya
_ Standard Bank (now Standard Chartered) with assets of UK £892 million and a net profit of £3.1 million. It had 41 offices, 22 directors all British.

Next 7 Banks
– Bank of Baroda
– Ottoman bank
– Bank of India
– African Banking Corporation (subsidiary of standard bank)
– Commercial bank of Africa
– Algemene bank (General Bank of Netherlands)
– Habib bank

Other institutions
– Cooperative Bank of Kenya (established in 1967)
– National Bank of Kenya (established in 1968)

Finance houses
– Big 3 (licensed as banks)

– National industrial credit (then 40% owned by Standard Bank, now NIC)
– United Dominions Corporation
– Credit finance company (now CFCStanbic)

Others registered as ordinary companies
– Transaction finance corporation (subsidiary of cooper motor corporation CMC)
– Industrial promotion services (Now IPS, was est. in 1963 by the Aga Khan)
– Africindo industrial development (powerful Asian industrialists seeking credit facilities for exports o India with training for Kenyans there)

Development corporations
The big 3 commercial banks also owned development corporations to undertake longer-term investments than normal banks accepted; these were Barleys Overseas Development [assets of B£9m and 88 projects in east Africa], National & Grindalys Finance and Development [B£3m] and Standard Bank Development Corporation

Building societies
As at 1964 they had loaned k£3m more than they had in deposits; this was after sudden withdrawal in 1959 of £4m savings by European and Asian depositors
– Savings & loan society
– East African building society
– First permanent (east Africa)
– Kenya building society (subsidiary of commonwealth development corporation CDC)
– housing finance company of Kenya (now Housing Finance)

2009 Kenya Bank Rankings Part II

10. Diamond Trust (2008 rank 11) : assets of 44.9 billion ($600 million) and nine month profits of 1 billion ($14.2 million). Loans (28.6 b) grew faster than deposits (33.1b), but expenses also grew faster than income. Neck and next with NIC and I&M banks with 44 and 41 billion in assets in position 11 and 12 respectively.
9. Commercial Bank of Africa (7): assets of 52 billion and nine month profits of 1.39 billion. Deposits flat (40 b) but loans (28.2 b) are up 20% this year and with GOK paper up 77%, however income and expenses are lower than 2008.

8. National Bank of Kenya (9): assets of 55.2 billion and nine profits of 1.4 billion. The bank is in great demand with a planned further divestment by GoK which may attract significant interest next year. For 2009, NBK has had a remarkable 40% growth this year, with 27% loans (12 b) and 48% in deposits (41 b)

7. Citibank Kenya (8) assets of 55.6 billion ($742 million) and nine month profit of 2.3 billion ($31 million). while embattled in the US, Citibank had a slow down in growth of loans (22.7 b) and deposits (29.7 b) compared to ‘08 but will still record a healthy +20% growth for year 2009.

6. CFC Stanbic (4) assets of 83.5 billion and nine month profits of 981 million. Bank had no growth in loans (43 b) and assets, but sitting on a load of cash – almost 16b billion (~$214 million)

5. Equity Bank (6) assets of 92.4 billion and nine month profits of 4.2 billion. Equity is still one of Kenya’s fastest growing banks though the 100% growth margins have tapered off to more manageable 30%+ for loans (55 b)and deposits (63 b) as it expands regionally in Uganda and Sudan and continues to roll out unique banking products.

4. Cooperative Bank of Kenya(5) with assets of 98 billion and nine month profits of 2.9 billion. The bank continues its 20%+ annual growth a year after listing and has diversified into investment banking. However their re-jigged executive shareholding following n ESOP is a sore point to be debated further.

3. Standard Chartered 3 with assets of 122 billion ($1.6 billion) and nine month profits of 5.2 billion ($69 million). Despite my earlier negative outlook, stanchart was a late bloomer and has come on strong: significantly, unlike other big banks, stanchart grew faster this year compared to 2008 – with 18% growth in deposit (89 b) and loans (40 b) while profits are up by 40% as income is up 23% compared to just 5% for costs while spearheading technologial products & services to their customers. Also increased investment in government securities by 77% and holds ~ Kshs. 36 billion now.

2. KCB (2) assets of 163 billion ($2.17 billion) and nine month profits of almost 5 billion ($66 million). KCB group is larger than Barclays in assets (185 b to 168 b) but has a smaller asset base than last year. In 2009 deposits (133 b) and loans (93 b) are up over 20% but profit is up just 3% – income is up 11% but expenses are up 15%, as KCB continued its expansion, opening six branches in November and also expanding in Rwanda Uganda, South Sudan and soon to Burundi. The bank also continues to weather occasional storms against it sustainability with triton and now Kenya planters coffee union.

1. Barclays Kenya (1)assets of 168 billion ($2.25 billion) and nine month profits of 6.63 billion ($88 million) . Barclays shrunk by 2% compared to growth of 17% a year ago with lower deposits (123 b) and loans (96 b) compared to a year ago but with profits ahead of last years pace, perhaps boosted by GoK securities investments which are up 23% this year.