Category Archives: De la Rue

New Bank Notes Coming

The look of Kenya’s currency bank notes and coins have not changed in over a decade but that may soon change.

While a case has been filed by an activist Okiyah Omtatah demanding that the Central Bank of Kenya (CBK) print new notes and coins immediately, it will not be the immediate reason for any change. In responding to a Q&A after a monetary policy briefing last week, the  Central Bank of Kenya Governor, Dr. Patrick Njoroge, said they while they do not respond to claims  (that they were deliberately keeping the portrait of the first president to perpetuate hero worship), he mentioned that Kenya’s new generation currency will be consistent with the constitution and CBK Act.

Kenya’s 2010 constitution approved by a referendum has section 231 (4) that reads “Notes and coins issued by the Central Bank of Kenya may bear images that depict or symbolise Kenya or an aspect of Kenya but shall not bear the portrait of any individual

The new Kenya currency bank notes and coins are expected to be produced by De La Rue, under a joint venture partnership in which the Kenya government has a 40% stake. That said, some images that have been shared on social media are apparently not genuine depictions of the new notes.

Kenya invests in Currency Printing

Kenya is entering into a joint venture with De La Rue who has been printing the country’s currency for many years in Ruaraka, Nairobi.

London’s stock exchange (LSE) listed De La Rue is the world’s largest designer and commercial printer of banknotes, operates a currency printing plant and has produced Kenya currency notes for several years. As part of the deal, De La Rue will sell 40% of a, currently dormant, De La Rue Kenya EPZ subsidiary to the Kenya government for £5 million (~Kshs 660 million).

The 2016 De La Rue annual report notes that banknote market is over-supplied, and with the 26% of the global bank note market, the company is consolidating and restructuring its operations.

Cool currency cake from @vickystreats254

Cool currency cake from @vickystreats254

  • We will restructure our print manufacturing footprint in the next two years to reduce our capacity and cost base by reducing the number of print lines and consolidating banknote print productions to four locations: Kenya, Sri Lanka, Debden and Gateshead (UK).
  • “De La Rue is delighted to have extended our longstanding relationship with the Government of Kenya into an ever closer partnership. The joint venture fits with our strategy of expanding into key growth markets through long-term partnerships.
  • By operating an EPZ (export processing zone) facility they will be able to   “secure our position as a supply hub of currency and security solutions for the largest economy in East Africa and for the region.”

 Note

See more on currency printing in Africa 

£1 = Kshs 132

Cheque Truncation Part II

The deadline of new cheque modernization passed this week, on June 1. Yet many bank customers had not yet received new chequebooks, and many more were not fully versed with the process, which entailed a change of chequebooks.

The Kenya Bankers’ Association (KBA) left the public relations of the process to its’ member banks resulting in low awareness and did not communicate till May 31 with adverts in the newspapers re-assuring customers and the public that the old cheques will be used for an indefinite period. This paled in comparison to the introduction of mobile number portability (MNP), in which the regulator (CCK), service providers, and mainly mobile companies carried numerous advertisements about the transition to the new service. (Mobile companies ran extensive promotions to retain their customers or win over their competitors’ subscribers).

There are still many unresolved questions, even with the extenstion:

– Old chequebooks were issued though the month of May, but customers then had to get the new chequebooks at month end. Who bears the cost of printing books that were about to be phased out?
– Do the new cheques clear faster? e.g. 1-day for Nairobi cheques? Speed is important for payments in the age of M-Pesa. The last statistics from the Central Bank (CBK) showed that in 2008, about 50,000 cheques were being cleared daily. Many suppliers now insist on getting paid by M-Pesa (which takes less than a minute) or by real time gross settlement (RTGS a.k.a corporate m-pesa done by banks – but this also carries a high risk of fraud risk of fraud – at 69% of bank crimes)
– What happens to post-dated cheques? These are used for debt repayments and for motor insurance loans (some banks use these for collateral over up to 10 months)
– There is no apparent difference in the design of the old and new cheques. So what has changed to warrant the exercise?
– Are cheque printers (mainly De la Rue) able to print enough chequebooks for a smooth roll out next time?
– Some banks said that old cheques will still be honoured in-house i.e. if drawn to people who also use the same bank, while others told their customers they would not be honored. KBA should communicate a clear deadline when all banks & customers must switch.

For now, the old and new chequebooks are in circulation, but more information has to be provided to resolve the cheque truncation process.

CBK Profits II


Reading the tea leaves at Central Bank

The Central Bank of Kenya (CBK) FY 2009 (PDF) results are out and, compared to last year, it’s a different story.

Banking on other Income: CBK is another institution that has had other income yield great returns. While net interest income was down from 10.3 to 8.4 billion, and commission income on treasury bills and bonds was flat at 3 billion (investors opting for corporate bonds), CBK booked a forex gain of 13 billion ($173 mullion) up from 54 million on revaluation (a 25,000% gain) and 4.8 billion from the controversial $45 million sale of the Grand Regency Hotel. So profit for the year was 23 billion ($306 million), up from 9 billion in the year before, and CBK paid a dividend of 7.2 billion ($96 million) to the Government of Kenya (GoK) (up from 4 billion). And while CBK is exempt from income tax, KRA (the tax man) is not letting go of a Kshs. 22 million employee tax dispute with the CBK.

Make it Rain: Kenya has Kshs. 108 billion (~1.4 billion) worth of currency in circulation (up from 100 billion in ‘08). Currency costs (sourced from De La Rue) were 1.1 billion (~15 million) to produce new notes (up from 330 m).

Generous Creditor: CBK lends to employees at 3% (perks of banking) and charge the government 3% on their overdraft. In a July 07 agreement GoK agreed to pay CBK 1.11 billion p.a. over 32 years at 3% to settle a GoK overdraft dating back to 1997. The CBK act limits the GoK overdraft to 5% of gross recurrent revenue (so currently this should not exceed 17 billion)

UK assets: CBK has 194 billion in assets held with united kingdom banks, that’s even more than Kenya (66 billion), or the rest of Europe (31), and USA (20) while all their 312 billion liabilities are in Kenya. This was even after they increased euro and dollar assets, and reduced sterling pounds, compared to ’08.

Loans & Rates: CBK loans to commercial banks stood at 15 billion ($200 million), up from 8.5 billion. They lent money to commercial banks at 8% p.a and earned 6.64% on treasury bills/bonds.

No Gold Standard: CBK gold holdings are just 34 million (less than $500,000) up from 28m year before. In comparison, just this week, India pipped China in the gold race buying $6.7 billion worth of gold from the IMF in hard currency (but is still only 10th largest holder)

CBK Profits

The Central Bank of Kenya last week published for the their ended in June 2008(PDF)

Notes

Return to profitability
– Had a net foreign exchange gain of Kshs. 54 million, compared to a loss of Kshs. 9.3 billion in 2007. This changed the profit picture and enabled the bank to post a profit of Kshs. 8,995 million [9 billion or ~$123 million compared to a loss of 386 million in 2007
– Total income of was Kshs. 14 billion, up from 5 billion. Barclays, Kenya’s largest bank had total income of Kshs. 18.9 billion) up from 5 billion the year before
– Will pay Kshs. 4 billion dividend to the government

Other
– Had staff costs of Kshs. 3. 3 billion (which would be third after KCB and Barclays if compared to commercial banks)
– Commission on sale of government securities dropped to Kshs. 3.1 billion (from 5.2b in ’07)
– Kenya has Kshs. 100 billion (~~1.37 billion) worth of currency circulating, compared to 90 billion in 2007

Vindicates Kimunya
– Currency printing expenses were Kshs. 403 million (down from 1.25 billion in 2007) and something which the former finance minister was crucified for in dealing with De La Rue
– Mentions the $45 million sale of the grand regency for which the payment is tallied